Carl Levy holds a Ph.D. in History and a Masters in International History from London School of Economics and Political Science. His research activities have focused upon the comparative study of European societies in the nineteenth and twentieth century with a specialization in Italian affairs. He has straddled the disciplines of history, politics and sociology. In this respect, his research interests incorporate aspects of Contemporary History, the History of Ideas, Political Economy, Political Sociology and Political Institutions. Since being appointed a Lecturer in European Politics at Goldsmiths College in 1991 (Senior Lecturer, 2000, Reader, 2003 and Professor, 2012), his interests in European integration have deepened considerably. He is widely published, is a member of various cultural societies, and has been interviewed numerous times on CNN and ITV-ITN regarding current affairs in the UK, EU, and beyond.